SMPS provides regulated output to your device.
It is used in most electronic devices.
SMPS voltage is fixed at 220 V only.
New Delhi. Sometimes the voltage in your home starts to increase or decrease, then it increases the risk of damage to electronic devices like refrigerators, computers and TVs. In such situations, the device used to protect them is called SMPS. In most places, the mains electricity supply is either high or very low, due to which electricity is not stable. In this situation SMPS provides regulated output to protect your electronic device and protect your device.
SMPS stands for Switch Mode Power Supply. It is also called switching-mode power supply. It is used in most electronic devices. Computers use a special type of SMPS, which sends different voltages to different parts of the CPU.
SMPS is an electronic power supply that uses a variety of switching devices to transfer electrical power from a source to a load. Usually the source is AC or DC and the load is DC. SMPS increases the voltage when the voltage is low and decreases it when the voltage is high. It only maintains steady on 220 voltage.
How does SMPS work?
Different SMPS work in different ways but we are telling you about a simple SMPS which converts Ac to Dc. Usually the SMPS that comes in it converts AC to DC. First the AC power supply comes to the SMPS through the cable which properly analyzes the components inside the SMPS and checks the voltage. After that the current goes to the rectifier.
Rectifiers operate from 120 V. to 240 V. at once. It generates DC current from AC current. After this current is sent to the capacitor. This current is divided into smaller units in the form of pulses and then the DC current is controlled, i.e. controlled by direct current (DC) control process. It is measured by the reference voltage.
Why SMPS is necessary
SMPS is a system through which we supply power to electronics devices. SMPS is very important for all our electronics devices. It supplies power to all electronics devices as per their requirement. The best function of SMPS is that it also meets low power deficit and its transformer is small and light due to which it does not heat up quickly.
Refrigerators, TVs, computers, microwave ovens, CD players, etc. do not wear out quickly due to SMPS power supplies. No matter how erratic the input voltage is, but SMPS keeps the output voltage stable.
First Published: January 29, 2023, 06:35 IST